Shot in the arm for China's private sector
An employee works on a cotton yarn production line at an intelligent mechanized workshop of a textile company in Ganzhou, Jiangxi province, in May 2022. [ZHU HAIPENG/FOR CHINA DAILY]
New policy steps fill economists, experts with fresh growth hopes amid challenges
China has pledged efforts to bolster the private sector with a series of policy measures to support its healthy and sustained development, as part of the country's wider efforts to revive the economic recovery amid concerns over the gloomy outlook.
Experts hailed the country's latest moves, including the top-level guidance and two documents on stimulating the vitality of the private sector, saying they will significantly boost market confidence and help shape expectations.
But, the experts also warned that private firms still face pressures and challenges like rising costs and financing difficulties, and urged stepped-up efforts to fully implement the existing policies as well as more actions to create a favorable business environment.
"The healthy development of the private sector, especially the small and medium-sized enterprises, is playing a key role in keeping the economy dynamic and boosting innovation and entrepreneurship, which will help stabilize the growth and inject strong impetus into the economy," said Tian Xuan, associate dean of Tsinghua University's PBC School of Finance.
Tian said the country has already rolled out a series of supportive measures in recent years, like reducing fees and taxes, lowering financing costs and supporting SMEs' access to funding, in a move to buffer the "scarring effect" of the COVID-19 pandemic.
He, however, said the foundation for the economic recovery is not yet solid, and the market expectations and confidence are still rather weak with souring private investment.
According to the National Bureau of Statistics, fixed-asset investment by the private sector edged down 0.2 percent year-on-year in the first half of this year versus a 0.1 percent decline in the first five months of the year.
To reinvigorate the private sector and further consolidate the economic recovery trend, China has recently issued a top-level guidance as well as two detailed documents for bolstering the private sector and supporting more private investment.
Citing the guidance released by the Communist Party of China Central Committee and the State Council, China's Cabinet, on July 19, Tian said the country has sent a clear signal that it is dedicated to strengthening support for the private economy, demonstrating its firm determination to boost the confidence of private firms.
The guidance details 31 measures like reducing market entry barriers, promoting fair competition and supporting private firms' access to funding. It said the private sector serves as a vital force in advancing Chinese modernization and building China into a great modern socialist country in all respects.
Experts said the country is building a "1+N" policy system for supporting private businesses, in which"1" is the top-level guidance and "N "represents the detailed follow-up measures, including the recently released two documents.
The National Development and Reform Commission, the country's top economic regulator, along with a group of ministries, rolled out 28 detailed measures on Aug 1 that aim to solve and relieve major problems faced by private firms during their development.
This document and the other document released by the NDRC a week earlier to stimulate the vitality of private investment are part of a package of measures to boost support for the private sector, which is now seen as key to reviving China's recovery trend amid pressures from weakening external demand and disinflationary headwinds.
Wang Shancheng, director of the Department of Comprehensive System Reform at the NDRC, said the top-level guidance has mapped out the blueprint for promoting the development of the private sector, and the follow-up documents are part of the supporting policies to better implement the guidance.
Wang told a recent news conference that the commission will ramp up efforts to optimize the mechanism for boosting private investment.
According to Wang, the NDRC will work with all the parties concerned to expedite the formulation of detailed plans for the implementation of the guidance and roll out more supporting policy measures.
"We will continue to address issues faced by private enterprises, propose targeted implementation mechanisms and effectively assist private firms in resolving difficulties," Wang said.
The NDRC held several symposiums in July to allay private enterprises' concerns and support their sustainable development. And it told a recent news briefing that it will continue to play a role in facilitating communication with private enterprises.
According to the commission, it will regularly hold symposiums with businesspeople to attentively listen to their genuine thoughts, actively address their specific concerns and promptly assess the implementation effects of current policies in an objective fashion.
Zhou Maohua, an analyst at China Everbright Bank, said the country has attached great importance to the high-quality development of the private sector, and it is rolling out targeted measures to deal with the difficulties and issues faced by the private sector.
He believed the country's latest push for supporting the private sector will help boost confidence and stimulate the vitality of private investment, which will also lead to a gradual recovery of the private sector.
"The private sector is playing a key role in generating jobs, stabilizing the growth and industrial upgrading," Zhou said.
The private sector, which was instrumental in China's economic rise over the past few decades, contributes more than 60 percent of GDP, 70 percent of technological innovation and 80 percent of urban employment, official data showed.
Meanwhile, Zhou noted that private firms still face issues like mounting pressures on rising production costs and financing difficulties, as the broader economy is facing pressures from still-weak demand and a more complicated external environment.
NBS data showed the world's second-largest economy grew by 6.3 percent year-on-year in the second quarter, after a post-COVID-19 bounce in the first quarter, but it was weaker than the 7.3 percent growth predicted by a Reuters poll that considered a low base.
The latest NBS data showed the official snapshot of the pressures facing the economy, with the official purchasing managers' index for China's manufacturing sector remaining in the contraction zone for the fourth consecutive month, albeit ticking up to 49.3 in July from 49 in June.
Despite the pressures and challenges ahead, manufacturers have expressed stronger optimism and confidence in a raft of government measures to promote the development of the private sector, expand domestic demand and boost consumption, according to the NBS.
Hong Yong, an associate research fellow at the e-commerce research institute of the Chinese Academy of International Trade and Economic Cooperation, said the supportive government measures will significantly boost market confidence, stabilize expectations, attract more private sector participation in key national projects and consolidate the economic recovery trend.
Citing issues faced by the private sector like financing difficulties and market entry barriers, Hong called for more efforts to increase the financial support for private firms, including setting up special financial institutions or funds to provide diversified financing channels. More efforts should also be made to further ease restrictions on market access, continuously optimize the market environment for fair competition and ensure a stable policy environment.
A recent meeting held by the Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China Central Committee said the country must formulate and introduce policies and measures to promote private investment. It was also stressed at the meeting that it is imperative to provide private enterprises with an enabling environment.
The NDRC also said at a recent news conference that it will take targeted measures to improve the business environment, continue to shorten the negative list for market access and remove market entry barriers for private firms.
Looking into the second half of the year, the NDRC said in an interview with Xinhua News Agency that it will speed up the implementation of policies for easing enterprises' burdens, improve policies for taxes and fees reductions and promote the gradual recovery in private investment.
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