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Come to China, enjoy six amazing teas

chinadaily.com.cn| Updated: May 21, 2024 L M S

World Tea Day is celebrated annually on May 21st to promote and raise awareness about the importance of tea and its cultural, historical and health significance around the world.

According to archaeological and historical records, China is considered the birthplace of tea. The earliest documented use of tea dates back to the Zhou Dynasty (c.11th century-771 BC), while tea as a beverage became popular during the Han Dynasty (206 BC-AD 220).

With trade along the Silk Road, tea spread from China to various parts of the world, profoundly influencing global tea culture. China boasts the most diverse range of teas globally, including green tea, black tea, oolong tea, white tea, yellow tea and dark tea, each with its unique production method and flavors.

Here are six well-known teas with amazing aromas and tastes produced in China.


West Lake Longjing tea. [Photo/IC]

West Lake Longjing

West Lake Longjing is one of China's famous green teas, produced in Longjing Village and its surrounding areas in the West Lake area of Hangzhou, Zhejiang province.

It is renowned for its unique appearance, aroma and taste. With a long history dating back to the Tang Dynasty, West Lake has been mentioned in Lu Yu's "Classic of Tea" for tea production in Hangzhou's Tianzhu and Lingyin Temple.

Longjing tea gained fame in the Song Dynasty (960-1279), improved in quality during the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368), became popular among commoners in the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) and was even offered as a tribute in the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911).

The picking of Longjing tea is meticulous, with premium Longjing tea harvested around the Qingming Festival. West Lake Longjing tea is known for its benefits such as refreshing the mind, quenching thirst, and reducing neutral fats and cholesterol in the blood.

White Peony

White Peony is a famous historical tea in Fujian, China, belonging to the category of white tea. It is mainly produced in Zhenghe county, Jianyang city, and other areas in Fujian province, using Fuding Big White Tea and Zhenghe Big White Tea as the main raw materials processed through traditional methods.

White Peony tea is known for its antioxidant properties, immune-boosting effects, digestive benefits, and potential for weight loss and beauty enhancement.

Jin Jun Mei

Jin Jun Mei is a type of red tea originating from Tongmu Village in Wuyishan city, Fujian province, China. It is a new variety of black tea developed in 2005 by Jiang Yuanxun, the 24th generation inheritor of Zheng Shan Xiao Zhong red tea.

The successful creation of Jin Jun Mei sparked a craze for red tea, leading to a revival and development of the domestic red tea industry in China.

Pu'er tea

Pu'er tea is a unique fermented tea from Yunnan province, China, classified into two types: raw (sheng) and ripe (shou) Pu'er. Its history dates back to the Tang Dynasty, but it wasn't until the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) that Pu'er tea became a significant trade commodity.

The name "Pu'er" originates from its main trading hub, Pu'er city, an important stop along the ancient Tea Horse Road.

Raw Pu'er tea is initially bitter but becomes smoother and mellow with age. Ripe Pu'er tea undergoes artificial fermentation, resulting in a rich flavor with distinctive aged aromas and sweetness.

Enshi Yulu

Enshi Yulu is the only remaining steamed needle-shaped green tea in China, produced in Enshi city, Hubei province. The dry tea resembles pine needles and has a lush green color.

Its production technique dates back to the Tang Dynasty, flourished during the Ming and Qing Dynasties, and is the only green tea in Chinese history made using steam fixation.

Enshi Yulu has a moderate selenium content and offers health benefits such as antioxidation and anticancer properties.

Jasmine Tea

Jasmine tea is a unique type of tea that combines the fragrance of jasmine flowers with tea leaves, primarily produced in Fujian province, China.

Typically based on green tea, jasmine tea undergoes multiple scenting processes with jasmine flowers to absorb the floral aroma. Its history dates back to the Song Dynasty when people began mixing jasmine flowers with tea to enhance the tea's fragrance.

By the Ming and Qing Dynasties, the production of jasmine tea had matured, becoming a tribute tea for the imperial court. Jasmine tea is particularly suitable for consumption in hot summers, helping to cool down and refresh with its pleasant aroma.

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